The legal framework in which public administration is conducted. It is a result of the need to develop and create a system for public administration under law. This concept can be compared to the older concept of justice under law. Administrative law is both constitutionally and politically important because it involves the exercise by the executive arm government of power.
Although there is not a universally accepted definition for administrative law, it can be understood to include the organization, powers, and duties of public authorities involved in administration, their relationships with each other and with nongovernmental bodies, legal methods of controlling public government, as well as the rights and liabilities associated with officials. Administrative law is often complemented by constitutional laws, so it is difficult to determine the boundary between them. [The structure and organization of the national legislature, as well as the characteristics and role of the head, are all considered matters of constitutional law. [However, substantive and procedural provisions that relate to central and local governments, and judicial review of management, are considered matters of administrative law.] Some matters, like the responsibility of ministers, cannot be assigned exclusively to either administrative law or constitutional. Some American and French jurists consider administrative law to include parts of constitutional law.
Although the law relating to public education, public health, and housing could be considered part of administrative law, it is often considered ancillary due to its bulk.
the primary purpose is to provide efficient, economic, and just administration. Administrative law that hinders or frustrates administration is clearly bad. The same goes for a system that causes injustice to individuals. To determine if administrative law is effective or hinders administration, or acts in a manner that denies justice to an individual, one must examine both the ends and the means it uses.
This expectation is higher than it was in previous ages. It is expected that the government will not only maintain order but also make progress. It is widely believed that a well-directed government can eliminate poverty, reduce unemployment, improve the standard of living, and promote social development. [All people are more aware than ever of the effects of government on their lives and its potential for good or evil than their forefathers.]
[The state’s functions are growing in more developed and less-developed countries, in both new and old states, in totalitarian, authoritarian, and democratic regimes, as well as in mixed economies in the West.] This movement is far from its peak. Each addition to the functions and powers of the state has resulted in additional powers being acquired by administrative organs. These could be local, regional, or central governments or special agencies that were created for specific purposes.